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PENGGUNAAN PASSIVE VOICE/Kalimat Pasif

Passive voice adalah kalimat yang subyeknya di kenai tindakan/pekerjaan. Biasanya dalam bahasa Indonesia dinamakan kalimat aktif (me…) dan kalimat pasif (di…/ter…). Misalnya, dimakan, diambil, dibuang, diperhatikan, terbuang, dll.

Ada beberapa syarat yang harus di penuhi untuk membentuk kalimat pasif/ passive voice,

  • Kalimat harus memiliki obyek atau obyek ditanyakan dengan kata tanya,
  • Subyek dalam kalimat aktif menjadi obyek dalam kalimat pasif dan atau sebaliknya,
  • Kalimat pasif harus menggunakan kata kerja bentuk ketiga (Verb 3/ Past Participlel setelah BE (is/am/are/was/were/be /been/being)
  •  Bentuk kalimat pasif mengikuti bentuk tense-nya
  • Bentuk dasar kalimat pasıf adalah BE + VERB+3/PAST PARTICIPLE

 

  1. The Present Tenses in Passive voice.

Kalimat ini digunakan untuk menyatakan kalimat pasif pada bentuk present/saat ini.

  • Present Simple Tense S+ is/am/are + Verb-3+ (by O)
  • Present Continuous Tense S+ is/am/are + being+Verb-3+ (by 0)
  • Present Prefect Tense S+has/have + been + Verb-3+ (by 0)
  • Present Perfect Continuous Tense S+has/have + been + (being) + Verb-3 + (by 0)

Contoh kalimat pasif:

Active:  Harvey eats healthy food everyday.

Passive: Healthy food is eaten by Harvey everyday.

Active: Firly is watering some flowers.

Passive:  Some flowers are being watered by Firly

Active: Has Dony driven a new car?

Passive:  Has a new car been driven by Dony

Active: Tom has not been drawing some pictures

Passive: Some pictures have not been (being) drawn by Tom

 

2. The Past Tenses in Passive voice.

Kalimat ini digunakan untuk menyatakan kalimat pasif pada bentuk lampau.

  • Past Simple Tenses S+was/were +Verb-3 + (by 0)
  • Past Continuous Tense b S+was/were+ being + Verb-3 + (by 0)
  • Past Prefect Tense S+had + been + Verb-3+(by 0)
  • Past Perfect Continuous Tense S+ had + been +(being) + Verb-3 + (by 0)

Contoh kalimat pasif:

Active:  Lea paid a tax last week

Passive: A tax was paid by Lea last week.

Active: Three workers were lifting a big cupboard

Passive: A big cupboard was being lifted by three workers

Active : A raging storm had destroyed hundreds houses

Passive: Hundreds houses had been destroyed by P raging storm

Active:  Sinta had been slicing some meat in the kitchen

Passive: Some meat had been (being) sliced by Sinta in the kitchen.

 

3. The Future Tenses in Passive voice:

  • Future Simple Tense S will/shall be Verb-3+(by 0)
  • Future Continuous Tense S+will/shall+ be +(being) + Verb-3+(by 0)
  • Future Prefect Tense S+will/shall + have +been+Verb-3+(by 0)
  • Future Perfect Continuous Tense S+ will/shall +have +been + (being) + Verb-3 +(by 0)

Contoh kalimat pasif:

Active:  Jenny will visit many tourism places next holiday.

Passive: Many tourism places will be visited by Jenny next holiday.

Active: Eva won’t be supervising examinees at 7 tonight.

Passive: Examinees won’t be (being) supervised by Eva at 7 tonight.

Active:  Astonomers will have built new space stations by2040.

Passive : New space stations will have been built by astronomers by 2040.

Active : Joe will have been finishing his master degree by the end of June next year.

Passive: Joe’s master degree will have been (being) finished (by him) by the end of June next year.

 

Active:  Astonomers will have built new space stations by2040.

Passive : New space stations will have been built by astronomers by 2040.

Active:  Joe will have been finishing his master degree by the end of June next year.

Passive: Joe’s master degree will have been (being) finished (by him) by the end of June next year.

4. The Past Future Tenses in Passive voice

Patterns:

  • Future Simple Tense S+would/should +be + Verb-3+(by 0)
  • Future Continuous Tense S+would/should + be +(being) + Verb-3+(by 0)
  • Future Prefect Tense would/should +have + been + Verb-3+(by 0) +S
  • Future Perfect Continuous Tense S+would/should +have+ been +(being) + Verb-3+ (by 0)

Contoh kalimat pasi:

Active: Cullen would make a checking account last Monday.

Passive: A checking account would be made by Cullen last Monday.

Active: A taxi driver would be taking some passengers to the  airport.

Passive: Some passengers would be (being) taken by a taxi driver to the airport.

Active: Lisa would have mailed two letters by 10 o’clock yesterday.

Passive: Two letters would have been mailed by Lisa by 10 o’dock yesterday.

Active: Some architects would have been designing a hundred-story building.

Passive: A hundred-story building would have been (being) designed by some architects.

Three scientists would have been researching an incurable : DAppy sip:

Passive: An incurable disease would have been (being) researched by three sciencetists.

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