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BETTY S. ASHAR: PERBEDAAN SIMPLE PAST DAN PAST PROGRESSIVE

BETTY S. ASHAR: PERBEDAAN SIMPLE PAST DAN PAST PROGRESSIVE

  1. Simple Past
  • Didalam buku Betty S Ashar dijelaskan bahwa Simple past digunakan untuk menunjukkan sebuah kejadian atau situasi yang dimulai pada waktu lampau dan berakhir pada suatu waktu di masa lampau.

Contoh:

  • I walked to school yesterday.
  • John lived in Paris for ten years, but now he lives in Rome.
  • I bought a new car three days ago.

 

  • Jika sebuah kalimat simple past menggunakan “when” maka kalimat when-clause yang lebih dahulu  terjadi.

Contoh:

  • Rita stood under a tree when it began to train.
  • When Mrs. Chu heard a strange noise, she got up to investigate.
  • When I daropped my cup, the coffee spilled on my lap.

 

*note: 1st: The rain began

2nd: Rita stood under a three.

 

Rumus:

Kalimat verbal:  S + V2 + O.

Contoh kalimat:

  • I gave him a house.
  • We left this car here five years ago.
  • She made a big decision.

 

  1. Past Progressive
  • Dalam buku Betty dijelaskan bahwa present progressive gunakan untuk menunjukkan 2 kejadian yang terjadi di waktu yang sama tapi satu kejadian terlebih dahulu dan sedang berproses atau masih berlangsung saat bersepeda lain terjadi dimasa lampau.

 

Contoh:

  • I was walking down the street when it began to rain.
  • While I was walkin down the street, it began to rain.
  • Rita was standing under a tree when it began to rain.

 

*note: 1st: I was walking down the street.

2nd: It began to rain.

 

  • Peristiwa yang terjadi di di suatu waktu dan kemungkinan akan dilanjutkan di masa lampau.

Contoh:  At eight o’clock last night, I was studying.

  • Sometimes past progresif digunakan pada dua kalimat ketika dua peristiwa sedang berlangsung.

Contoh: While I was studying in one room of our apartment, my roommate was having a party in the other room.

 

Latihan Soal:

Silahkan tentukan kalimat pertama dan kedua(1 atau 2) dari kalimat-kalimat dibawah!

  1. Hi Mom. I was leaving you a voicemail when you picked up.  (a)._____I was leaving you a voicemail.  (b)._____You picked up.
  2. I had a terrible walk home. When the storm started, I was coming home from work.  (a)._____The storm started.  (b)._____I was coming home.
  3. A painter next door was climbing a ladder when lightning hit the house.  (a)._____A painter was climbing a ladder.  (b)._____Lightning hit the house.
  4. I heard him yell while I was running for cover.  (a)._____I heard him yell.   (b)._____I was running for cover.
  5. He fell off the ladder when he saw the flash.   (b)._____Fortunately he’s OK.  (b)._____He fell off the ladder. He saw the flash.

 

 

 

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